Fleas are the most common external parasite, and they can make your pet miserable! If left untreated, they may even lead to infections and cause serious diseases. Our Southborough vets explain the early signs of fleas, and what to do if your pet does have fleas.
What are fleas?
Fleas are external parasites that survive by parasitizing a host animal. Adult fleas will continue to reproduce and thrive on your pet unless you take steps to break their lifecycle.
What signs of flea infestation should I look for?
Cats and dogs may be allergic to the protein in flea saliva, which is why they often start to scratch as soon as a flea bites their skin. Even one flea bite may cause pets to scratch excessively and become agitated.
Besides scratching, red bumps or pimples may appear on their belly, at the base of their tail or on their behind, on their groin, or under their legs. The constant itching and scratching of these areas will cause dry skin and hair loss. Lesions and infections can develop and lead to more severe diseases if fleas are left untreated.
How can I check my pet for fleas?
Adult fleas are small and brown. They are relatively easy to spot with the naked eye.
It's a good idea to check your pet's brush or comb while you're grooming them. Having your pet lie on its side will let you have a closer look at areas with thin hair, such as the abdomen.
You might notice "flea dirt." When wet, this resembles tiny grains of sand or black pepper. To check for flea dirt (feces), comb along your pet's back and underbelly with a fine-tooth flea comb available at your vet's office. By brushing your pet while standing on a white towel or cloth, you will be able to see any black droppings that fall from their fur.
What if I can’t find any fleas, but my pet is still scratching?
If there are no fleas but your pet is still scratching, make an appointment with your veterinarian, who can perform a skin test to check for flea allergies as well as other types of allergies during your visit. Your pet may be experiencing discomfort due to another type of allergy.
If my cat or dog does have fleas, how do I get rid of them?
Several safe and effective treatments can be used to eliminate fleas, including shampoos, sprays, powders, and topical liquids. You may need to visit your vet for prescription creams and antibiotics if your pet's case is more severe.
Early treatment and prevention are the first methods of choice to ensure your dog doesn't develop more serious issues in the future, as a result of fleas.